What Is a Swaging Machine?

A swaging machine is an industrial tool used to form metal pieces like rods and tubing to take the shape of a die that they’re forced through. The swaging process is more effective than crimping or other methods, as it does not leave behind any waste material and also increases the strength of the resulting component. These machines can range from simple, portable hand-operated devices for service level swaging requirements to larger, powered swagers that are fully automated for high-volume hose assembly production.

The swaging machine is designed to work with a wide variety of materials, including ferrous and nonferrous metals. It can produce a wide variety of shapes, sizes and lengths from these pieces of metal. It can also perform additional operations on tubing, such as flanging or flaring. These machines are often used to secure fittings on steel cables and electrical wires.

A rotary swaging machine has two or four split dies that separate and close about 2,000 times per minute. These dies are mounted into a spindle and are rotated by a motor. The hammers are then thrown out to strike the dies in a process called centrifugal force. When the hammers strike, they compress the metal and close the dies.

These machines can be used to swage all kinds of rod, pipe and tube ends, including flanged, flared, slotted, notched and flattened. They can also create elbow elements, which are a common component in a variety of applications, such as ventilation systems and gutters. These machines are a low-cost way to point, reduce and form rod or tube, so they’re widely used in the construction industry.

There are several types of swaging machines available on the market, from small, portable, hand-operated devices to large, power-driven swagers that can accommodate thousands of swaged components per hour. They can also be equipped with a number of options, such as lubrication and feeders. Some manufacturers can even offer complete, turnkey swaging systems that are fully automated.

A swaging machine is an essential tool in many production processes, including gutter, chimney and ventilation systems. They can be used in conjunction with other tools, such as sheet metal bending machines, plate rolling equipment and ventilation lock forming machinery. These machines are easy to use and can provide accurate, quality-formed parts in a relatively short amount of time. However, they need to be properly maintained and regularly inspected for wear parts to ensure proper operation. These wear parts include the dies and hammers that come into contact with the workpiece, and they should be replaced as needed to ensure accurate, quality-formed parts. The primary wear parts are the hammers and rollers, which experience the most stress during swaging. Other important wear parts are the chuck, spindle, and cage that support the dies. If any of these parts become worn, they should be replaced immediately to avoid compromising the accuracy of the swaging process. These swagers can also be fitted with multiple attachments to meet the unique requirements of a specific project.

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